Direct vagal input to neurons in the area postrema which project to the parabrachial nucleus: An electron microscopic-HRP study in the cat
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This study in cat examines the synaptic relationship of vagal afferents to parabrachial projecting neurons in the area postrema (AP) using anterograde and retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Wheat germ agglutinin-HRP injected into the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) produced retrograde neuronal labeling in the AP and in the nucleus of the tractus solitarius bilaterally, but with an ipsilateral predominance. Labeled neurons were confined mainly to the caudal 2/3's of the AP. Following injection of WGA-HRP into the PBN and HRP into the nodose ganglion in the same animal, examination of sections of the AP with the electron microscope revealed anterogradely labeled axon terminals in apposition to retrogradely labeled somata and dendrites. In some instances, labeled terminals were observed to form synaptic contacts with retrogradely labeled neurons. We conclude that in the cat a vagal input to neurons in the AP is monosynaptically relayed to the PBN.
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