Proximal type 1A endoleaks on completion intra-operative angiography are not infrequently seen following endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR). The natural course of these leaks is not well established. We sought to determine the rate of spontaneous resolution and a conservative treatment approach to these endoleaks.
All cases involving endovascular repairs of infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms resulting in proximal type 1A endoleak on final intra-operative completion angiography were retrospectively reviewed from 1 April 2010 and 30 March 2015. Demographic, pre and post-procedural imaging, and clinical outcomes were reviewed. Summarizing descriptive statistics are reported.
Of the 337 patients who underwent an EVAR, 24 patients (7.1%) had a proximal type 1A endoleak on final intra-operative angiography. Twenty-two of 24 patients (92%) with proximal type 1A endoleaks had spontaneous resolution on follow-up imaging without any intervention, while two (8%) patients had a persistent endoleak. One of these patients required intervention. The median follow-up for patients with resolved endoleaks was 2.5 years vs. 4 and 6 years, respectively, for patients that did not resolve spontaneously.
A conservative approach may be used in the management of patients with proximal type 1A endoleaks on completion angiography once maximum proximal seal was achieved intra-operatively as the vast majority of these leaks spontaneously seal.