An evaluation of the anti‐hyperalgesic effects of cannabidiolic acid‐methyl ester in a preclinical model of peripheral neuropathic pain Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Background and PurposeChronic neuropathic pain (NEP) is associated with growing therapeutic cannabis use. To promote quality of life without psychotropic effects, cannabinoids other than Δ9‐tetrahydrocannabidiol, including cannabidiol and its precursor cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), are being evaluated. Due to its instability, CBDA has been understudied, particularly as an anti‐nociceptive agent. Adding a methyl ester group (CBDA‐ME) significantly enhances its stability, facilitating analyses of its analgesic effects in vivo. This study examines early treatment efficacy of CBDA‐ME in a rat model of peripherally induced NEP and evaluates sex as a biological variable.Experimental ApproachAfter 14 consecutive days of intraperitoneal CBDA‐ME administration at 0.01, 0.1 and 1 μg·kg−1, commencing 1 day after surgically implanting a sciatic nerve‐constricting cuff to induce NEP, the anti‐nociceptive efficacy of this cannabinoid was assessed in male and female Sprague–Dawley rats relative to vehicle‐treated counterparts. In females, 2 and 4 μg·kg−1 daily doses of CBDA‐ME were also evaluated. Behavioural tests were performed for hind paw mechanical and thermal withdrawal thresholds once a week for 8 weeks. At endpoint, in vivo electrophysiological recordings were obtained to characterize soma threshold changes in primary sensory neurons.Key ResultsIn males, CBDA‐ME elicited a significant concentration‐dependent chronic anti‐hyperalgesic effect, also influencing both nociceptive and non‐nociceptive mechanoreceptors, which were not observed in females at any of the concentrations tested.Conclusion and ImplicationsInitiating treatment of a peripheral nerve injury with CBDA‐ME at an early stage post‐surgery provides anti‐nociception in males, warranting further investigation into potential sexual dimorphisms underlying this response.


  • Zhu, Yong Fang
  • Linher‐Melville, Katja
  • Niazmand, Mohammad Javad
  • Sharma, Manu
  • Shahid, Ayesha
  • Zhu, Kan Lun
  • Parzei, Natalka
  • Sidhu, Jesse
  • Haj, Christeene
  • Mechoulam, Raphael
  • Singh, Gurmit

publication date

  • June 2020