Decreased Expression of Cerebral Dopamine Neurotrophic Factor in Platelets of Stroke Patients
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BACKGROUND: Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor plays a critical role in repairing and maintaining healthy neurons in pathological conditions such as stroke. However, the association between cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor expression and stroke has only recently been investigated in preclinical models and is rarely described in human studies. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this were to examine neurological alterations mirrored in human blood platelet cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression. Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor is expressed in both the central nervous system and peripheral blood. Blood platelets are often used to model neuronal behavior because they exhibit biochemical impairments similar to brain tissues of patients with neurological disorders. METHODS: RNA was isolated from platelets and cDNA was synthesized to quantify cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression of 36 stroke patients compared to 72 healthy aged-matched controls through real-time PCR. Further grouping analyses of data with regard to age, sex, and medication history were performed. RESULTS: Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression was significantly reduced in stroke patients relative to control subjects (P = .013). Subsequent analysis revealed a significant difference in expression between males and females within the control group (P = .026). Decreased cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor expression was only observed in male stroke patients compared to their sex-matched controls (P = .008). Grouping stroke patients based on their medication history did not significantly alter cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Further studies investigating cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor expression could be directed towards the interplay of the central nervous system, hematopoietic derivatives, and utilizing cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor as a therapeutic tool.
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