Lubricant‐Infused PET Grafts with Built‐In Biofunctional Nanoprobes Attenuate Thrombin Generation and Promote Targeted Binding of Cells
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New surface coatings that enhance hemocompatibility and biofunctionality of synthetic vascular grafts such as expanded poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (ePTFE) and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) are urgently needed. Lubricant-infused surfaces prevent nontargeted adhesion and enhance the biocompatibility of blood-contacting surfaces. However, limited success has been made in incorporating biofunctionality onto these surfaces and generating biofunctional lubricant-infused coatings that both prevent nonspecific adhesion and enhance targeted binding of biomolecules remains a challenge. Here, a new generation of fluorosilanized lubricant-infused PET surfaces with built-in biofunctional nanoprobes is reported. These surfaces are synthesized by starting with a self-assembled monolayer of fluorosilane that is partially etched using plasma modification technique, thereby creating a hydroxyl-terminated fluorosilanized PET surface. Simultaneously, silanized nanoprobes are produced by amino-silanizing anti-CD34 antibody in solution and directly coupling the anti-CD34-aminosilane nanoprobes onto the hydroxyl terminated, fluorosilanized PET surface. The PET surfaces are then lubricated, creating fluorosilanized biofunctional lubricant-infused PET substrates. Compared with unmodified PET surfaces, the designed biofunctional lubricant-infused PET surfaces significantly attenuate thrombin generation and blood clot formation and promote targeted binding of endothelial cells from human whole blood.
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