Neuronal transport in salamander nerves and its blockade by colchicine
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Neuronal transport and the effects of colchicine on it has been studied in salamander spinal nerves. Cholinesterase (ChE) accumulation above the cut region of a nerve at 12.5 degrees C was shown to depend upon two processes. One caused a transient increase which declined to zero by 24 h; the other was explained by axoplasmic transport. At 22 degrees C the transient change was not observed, but the rate of accumulation attributable to transport increased. The Q10 for this transport over the range 12.5 degrees C--22 degrees C is approximately three. The ChE accumulation in the sensory component of the mixed nerve was about equal to that in the motor. The rate of fast axoplasmic transport of labeled leucine was 56 mm/day at 22 degrees C; if ChE moves at the same rate, then only 7% of the total enzyme is carried by fast axoplasmic transport. The transport of ChE was reduced by at least 50% when nerves were bathed in a 75 mM solution of colchicine for 30 min; this treatment is known not to cause subsequent degeneration of these nerves. The rate of slow flow of labeled material after bathing the nerve trunk in tritiated colchicine was found to be approximately 0.5 mm/day.
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