Early versus delayed extubation in extremely preterm neonates: a retrospective cohort study Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes associated with extubation timing among extremely preterm neonates. DESIGN/METHODS: Neonates <26 weeks' GA admitted to four tertiary neonatal centers were included if they met predetermined extubation criteria within first postnatal week and classified into early extubation (≤24 h; exposure group) and delayed extubation (>24 h; control group) after meeting extubation criteria. Patients with known severe IVH and/or significant PDA prior to meeting extubation criteria were excluded. RESULTS: Of 197 included infants, 75 were in exposure group. Survival without BPD (aOR 1.26; 95% CI 0.62-2.56; P = 0.52) and survival without severe IVH (aOR 1.98; 95% CI 0.93-4.23; P = 0.08) were not different, adjusted for GA, SNAP, number of surfactant doses and center. CONCLUSIONS: Extubation within 24 h of meeting extubation criteria in neonates <26 weeks' GA was not associated with survival without BPD or survival without severe IVH. However, confounding by indication cannot be ruled out without a prospective trial.

authors

  • Mukerji, Amit
  • Razak, Abdul
  • Aggarwal, Akanksha
  • Jacobi, Eyal
  • Musa, May
  • Alwahab, Zeina
  • Baier, John
  • Narvey, Michael
  • Shah, Prakesh S

publication date

  • January 2020

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