The effects of geography on survival in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma
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OBJECTIVE: To assess the survival outcomes of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) by differing geographical location. METHODS: Demographic, pathologic, treatment, and survival data was obtained from OCSCC patients from 1998-2010 in Alberta, Canada. 554 patients were included from 660 OCSCC patients. Overall, disease-specific, and disease-free survivals were estimated with Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. Patients were grouped by geographic locations. RESULTS: Patients from urban locations had improved overall, disease-specific, and disease-free survival compared to rural locations (p<0.05). Two and five year estimates of overall survival were significantly higher in the urban cohort at 84% and 78%, versus rural with 48% and 44%, respectively (p<0.05). Disease-specific and disease-free survival rates were also superior in the urban group (p<0.05). Diagnosis to treatment time for all 3 geographical groups was not found to be statistically significant (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: This study shows that patients with OCSCC living in urban settings have improved survival compared to rural groups.
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