Selective reovirus killing of bladder cancer in a co-culture spheroid model
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Up to 50% of the transitional cell carcinomas (TCC) express an activated EGF pathway involving MAP/MEK and RAF kinase thus providing a novel means to selectively eliminate transformed cells expressing such proteins. This EGF pathway expression phenotype was also confirmed in our MGH-U3 and room temperature-112 human TCC cell lines, which makes them a suitable model target for the reovirus oncolysis. We report here on an in vitro assay of co-culture spheroids using either human or rat TCC cells with their corresponding fibroblasts to examine the potential of viral selective lysis for TCC. Reovirus, a respiratory enteric orphan virus, which mammals are exposed to early in life, was used in this study. Selective killing of transformed versus normal cells was assayed by time-lapse photography, vital dye staining, immunohistochemistry, and MTT assay. In this in vitro bladder cancer model, reovirus selectively destroyed the transformed cells by lysis or induction of apoptosis. Based on these findings we have initiated an in vivo pre-clinical study on intravesical administration of reovirus in an animal model to further explore the effect of reovirus-mediated oncolysis of TCC.
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