Superiority of Spacer/Mask Topical Anesthetic Compared with Conventional Spray and Gargle Method for Fibreoptic Bronchoscopy
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of a new spacer-oral nasal mask device with those of the standard needle nozzle spray method for the delivery of aerosolized lidocaine to the upper airway for pre-bronchoscopic anaesthesia in a tertiary care hospital.
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