Chemical-Chemical Combinations Map Uncharted Interactions in Escherichia coli under Nutrient Stress
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Of the ?4,400 genes that constitute Escherichia coli's genome, ?300 genes are indispensable for its growth in nutrient-rich conditions. These encode housekeeping functions, including cell wall, DNA, RNA, and protein syntheses. Under conditions in which nutrients are limited to a carbon source, nitrogen source, essential phosphates, and salts, more than 100 additional genes become essential. These largely code for the synthesis of amino acids, vitamins, and nucleobases. Although much is known about this collection of ?400 genes, their interactions under nutrient stress are uncharted. Using a chemical biology approach, we focused on 45 chemical probes targeting encoded proteins in this collection and mapped their interactions under nutrient-limited conditions. Encompassing 990 unique pairwise chemical combinations, we revealed a highly connected network of 186 interactions, of which 81 were synergistic and 105 were antagonistic. The network revealed signature interactions for each probe and highlighted new connectivity between housekeeping functions and those essential in nutrient stress.