Molecular control of rabbit follicular testosterone production Role of protein and RNA after stimulation with luteinizing hormone
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The time and dose dependence of the relationship between uptake of labelled precursors into protein and RNA and production of testosterone by rabbit follicles was examined. Although testosterone production was stimulated by luteinizing hormone at concentrations between 0.1 and 10 microgram/ml, the uptake of [3H]leucine into protein was significant only when the concentration of luteinizing hormone was greater than 2.5 microgram/ml. Increased production of testosterone was observed within 15 min of stimulation with luteinizing hormone whereas uptake of [3H]leucine was only significant at 90 min. Puromycin (40 microgram/ml) and cycloheximide (10 microgram/ml) in the presence of luteinizing hormone inhibited the synthesis of both testosterone and protein. However, lower concentrations of puromycin (0.1, 1 and 10 microgram/ml) and cycloheximide (1 microgram/ml) had no effect on luteinizing hormone-induced testosterone production but significantly inhibited protein synthesis by 58, 37, 31 and 71%, respectively. Actinomycin D (20, 80 and 160 microgram/ml) alone and in combination with 5 microgram luteinizing hormone/ml severely inhibited uptake of [3H]uridine into RNA without affecting testosterone production. However, with 1 microgram actinomycin/ml, testosterone production was significantly (P less than 0.01) greater than in the presence of luteinizing hormone alone. These results cast doubt on the obligatory role of RNA and protein synthesis in rabbit ovarian follicular steroidogenesis.
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