Evidence for an alternative mechanism of human platelet secretion involving peripheralization of secretory granules and formation of membrane-associated multivesicular structures Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Stimulated platelets release the content of their granules to the environment by a process known as platelet secretion. The precise mechanism of platelet secretion is poorly understood. The most widely-held theory suggests that, during platelet activation, secretory granules centralize and their content is released into the surface-connected canalicular system. Using fixation techniques directed at preserving membrane structures, morphological evidence is provided that human platelet activation is associated with secretory granules migrating to the periphery of platelets, where they undergo transition to participate in the formation of membrane-associated multivesicular structures. These multivesicular structures then undergo dissolution resulting in granule content secretion to the environment. The formation of the membrane-associated multivesicular structures occurs in platelets in which some of the secretory granules have also become centralized. This suggests that during the activation of human platelets, membrane-associated multivesicular structure release may occur concurrently with other mechanisms of secretory granule content release. The present observations are consistent, however, with the hypothesis that during human platelet activation the formation of membrane-associated multivesicular structures by platelet secretory granules contributes importantly to the mechanism of platelet secretion.

authors

  • Blajchman, Morris
  • Polasek, Jaroslav
  • Richardson, Mary
  • Moore, Michael A
  • A.Blajchman, Morris

publication date

  • March 1987