PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation Academic Article uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. This document presents the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) checklist and explanation. The checklist was developed by a 24-member expert panel and 2 research leads following published guidance from the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network. The final checklist contains 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items. The authors provide a rationale and an example of good reporting for each item. The intent of the PRISMA-ScR is to help readers (including researchers, publishers, commissioners, policymakers, health care providers, guideline developers, and patients or consumers) develop a greater understanding of relevant terminology, core concepts, and key items to report for scoping reviews.


  • O'Brien, Kelly
  • Wilson, Michael
  • Tricco, Andrea C
  • Lillie, Erin
  • Zarin, Wasifa
  • O Brien, Kelly K
  • Colquhoun, Heather
  • Levac, Danielle
  • Moher, David
  • Peters, Micah DJ
  • Horsley, Tanya
  • Weeks, Laura
  • others

publication date

  • 2018