Validation of the Chinese version of the Assessment of Preschool Children’s Participation for children with physical disabilities
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PURPOSE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (APCP-C). METHOD: The APCP, a measure of participation in play, skill development, active physical, and social activities of preschool children, was translated into Traditional Chinese. Data on 94 Taiwanese children with physical disabilities aged 2 to 6 years were analyzed. RESULTS: Internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.85 and 0.86) and test-retest reliability (ICCs = 0.79) were excellent for total scores, and varied from excellent to poor for activity type scores. Items were generally relevant to the Taiwanese culture. Correlations between scores for the APCP-C and the Chinese version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Mobility and Social Functioning scales in general supported convergent validity (r = 0.33-0.68) but less support for discriminant validity. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence of reliability, cross-cultural validity, and limited support for construct validity of the APCP-C in measuring participation of children with physical disabilities.
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