320-row CT coronary angiography predicts freedom from revascularisation and acts as a gatekeeper to defer invasive angiography in stable coronary artery disease: a fractional flow reserve-correlated study
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OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy of 320-row multidetector coronary computed tomography angiography (M320-CCTA) to detect functional stenoses using fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the reference standard and to predict revascularisation in stable coronary artery disease. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen patients (230 vessels) underwent M320-CCTA and FFR assessment and were followed for 18 months. Diameter stenosis on invasive angiography (ICA) and M320-CCTA were assessed by consensus by two observers and significant stenosis was defined as ≥50%. FFR ≤0.8 indicated functionally significant stenoses. RESULTS: M320-CCTA had 94% sensitivity and 94% negative predictive value (NPV) for FFR ≤0.8. Overall accuracy was 70%, specificity 54% and positive predictive value 65%. On receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) for CCTA to predict FFR ≤0.8 was 0.74 which was comparable with ICA. The absence of a significant stenosis on M320-CCTA was associated with a 6% revascularisation rate. M320-CCTA predicted revascularisation with an AUC of 0.71 which was comparable with ICA. CONCLUSIONS: M320-CCTA has excellent sensitivity and NPV for functional stenoses and therefore may act as an effective gatekeeper to defer ICA and revascularisation. Like ICA, M320-CCTA lacks specificity for functional stenoses and only has moderate accuracy to predict the need for revascularisation. KEY POINTS: • Important information about the heart is provided by 320-row multidetector CT coronary angiography (M320-CCTA). • M320-CCTA accurately detects and excludes functional stenoses determined by fractional flow reserve (FFR). • Non-significant stenoses on M320-CCTA associated with fewer cardiac events and less revascularisation. • M320-CCTA may act as a gatekeeper for invasive angiography and inappropriate revascularisation. • Like ICA, M320-CCTA only has moderate accuracy to predict vessels requiring revascularisation.
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