Crossover trials with a cumulative response Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We consider the use of a crossover design when the response is long-lasting and cumulative. Examples include the treatment of chronic diseases such as cerebral palsy, and educational and psychological intervention studies. Cumulative response models are developed for the two-treatment, two-period design. Various estimators for the treatment and carryover effects are compared, and ANOVA tables are derived. The crossover design including pretreatment observations is found to be more cost-efficient than the one-period randomised design. Without pretreatment data, it may be more or less efficient, depending on the reliability of the data, and the costs of subject recruitment, treatment, and observation.

publication date

  • January 1997