A cost-effectiveness evaluation of platelet crossmatching and HLA matching in the management of alloimmunized thrombocytopenic patients
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Effective platelet support for alloimmunized refractory thrombocytopenic patients may be provided by several potential strategies, the most common being HLA-matched single-donor platelets or crossmatch-compatible, pooled random- or single-donor platelets. This study used a detailed economic analysis to compare the cost-effectiveness of several techniques for platelet crossmatching and that of HLA-matched single-donor platelets. The crossmatch methods evaluated were a microlymphocytotoxicity test (LCT), an immunofluorescence technique (PSIFT), a radioactive antiglobulin test (PRAT), and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The analysis was based on the need to support 100 refractory patients with acute leukemia with a presumed requirement of 500 transfusions. The relative costs for a successful crossmatch were: PRAT less than LCT less than LCT + PRAT less than PSIFT less than ELISA. In the comparison of the crossmatch methods, an increase in costs was generally associated with an increase in the number of successful transfusion episodes. However, decreasing marginal gains were seen. The HLA-matched single-donor platelets were relatively cost-inefficient in comparison to the crossmatch-compatible platelets. A theoretic sequence of tests for cost-effective provision of optimal platelet support in refractory patients was evaluated. Such considerations of cost are important in the selection of an optimal program for the management of alloimmunized refractory thrombocytopenic patients.
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