Comparative Effectiveness Research and Children With Cerebral Palsy: Identifying a Conceptual Framework and Specifying Measures.
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PURPOSE: A step toward advancing research about rehabilitation service associated with positive outcomes for children with cerebral palsy is consensus about a conceptual framework and measures. METHODS: A Delphi process was used to establish consensus among clinicians and researchers in North America. RESULTS: Directors of large pediatric rehabilitation centers, clinicians from large hospitals, and researchers with expertise in outcomes participated (N = 18). Andersen's model of health care utilization framed outcomes: consumer satisfaction, activity, participation, quality of life, and pain. Measures agreed upon included Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth, Measure of Processes of Care, PEDI-CAT, KIDSCREEN-10, PROMIS Pediatric Pain Interference Scale, Visual Analog Scale for pain intensity, PROMIS Global Health Short Form, Family Environment Scale, Family Support Scale, and functional classification levels for gross motor, manual ability, and communication. CONCLUSIONS: Universal forms for documenting service use are needed. Findings inform clinicians and researchers concerned with outcome assessment.
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