Improved prognostic classification of patients receiving salvage systemic therapy for advanced urothelial carcinoma. Conference Paper uri icon

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  • 311 Background: Previously identified prognostic factors in patients (pts) receiving salvage systemic therapy for advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) include performance status (PS), liver metastasis (LM), hemoglobin (Hb) and time from prior chemotherapy (TFPC). Given the prognostic impact of peripheral blood neutrophils (N), lymphocytes (L), thrombocytes (T) and albumin (Alb) in other malignancies, we investigated their impact in the salvage setting of advanced UC. Methods: Phase II trials of salvage systemic therapy were utilized. Data on N, L, T and Alb were required in addition to TFPC, Hb, PS and LM status. N, L, T and Alb were categorized as normal, <lower limit of normal (LLN) and >upper limit of normal (ULN). Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate their association with overall survival (OS). An optimal regression model was constructed using forward stepwise selection and risk groups defined using number of identified adverse risk factors. Trial was a stratification factor. Results: Data was obtained from 10 trials accruing 708 pts. Of these, 682 pts had available TFPC, Hb, PS and LM status, while 631, 554, 649 and 491 had N, L, T and Alb available. Median OS was 6.8 (95% CI: 6.0-7.0) months. Neutrophilia (N>ULN), thrombocytosis (T>ULN) and hypoalbuminemia (Alb <LLN) were significant poor prognostic factors for OS on univariate analyses. After adjustment for TFPC <3 months, Hb <10 g/dl, PS >0 and LM status, only thrombocytosis and hypoalbuminemia remained significant (Table). Risk groups were constructed. Median OS was 8.8, 6.3, 5.0 and 3.8 months for n=290, 220, 123 and 49 patients with 0-1, 2, 3 and ≥4 factors. This 6-factor prognostic model was internally validated with an improvement in the c-index from 0.564 to 0.590. Conclusions: The addition of hypoalbuminemia and thrombocytosis to TFPC, Hb, PS and LM status enhanced the prognostic risk groupings in pts receiving salvage systemic therapy for advanced UC. [Table: see text]


  • Sonpavde, Guru
  • Pond, Gregory
  • Rosenberg, Jonathan E
  • Bajorin, Dean F
  • Regazzi, Ashley Marie
  • Choueiri, Toni K
  • Mullane, Stephanie A
  • Niegisch, Guenter
  • Albers, Peter
  • Necchi, Andrea
  • di Lorenzo, Giuseppe
  • Fougeray, Ronan
  • Galsky, Matt D
  • Sridhar, Srikala S
  • Ko, Yoo-Joung
  • Milowsky, Matthew I
  • Bellmunt, Joaquim

publication date

  • March 1, 2015