Prognostic Impact of the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
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BACKGROUND: We retrospectively evaluated the prognostic impact of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a marker for inflammatory and immune state in men with progressive metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) following docetaxel. METHODS: The SUN-1120 phase III trial comparing prednisone combined with sunitinib (n = 584) or placebo (n = 289) for mCRPC following docetaxel-based chemotherapy was evaluated. The arms were combined for analysis, since no difference was observed in the primary endpoint of overall survival (OS). A logarithmic transformation was applied to non-normal factors. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for OS estimation. To identify an optimal prognostic model for survival, we used a Cox proportional hazards regression method with forward stepwise selection, stratifying for ECOG PS, progression type (prostate specific antigen [PSA] or radiographic) and treatment group. Patients were categorized into risk groups. RESULTS: Complete data was evaluable for 784 men. The factors used in the model that remained individually significant for OS in multivariable analysis were: log-lactate dehydrogenase level (LDH) level (HR 2.86 [95% CI = 2.29, 3.56], P < .001), hemoglobin (0.80 [0.74, 0.85], P < .001), > 1 organ involved by metastatic disease (1.49 [1.21, 1.84], P < .001), log-alkaline phosphatase (1.13 [0.99, 1.28], P = .074), log-number of prior cycles of docetaxel (0.84 [0.71, 0.98], P = .031), progression on docetaxel (1.35 [1.00, 1.81], P = .049), log-PSA (1.06 [1.00, 1.12], P = .075) and log-NLR (1.55 [1.32, 1.83], P < .001). NLR increased the c-statistic of the prognostic model from 0.703 to 0.715. CONCLUSION: High NLR may be associated with an independent poor prognostic impact in post-docetaxel patients with mCRPC. These data warrant external validation.
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