Different profiles of T-cell IFN-γ and IL-12 in allergen-induced early and dual responders with asthma
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BACKGROUND: IFN-gamma and IL-12 are anti-inflammatory cytokines released from various cells, including T cells. Allergen inhalation by atopic subjects with asthma results in 2 bronchoconstrictor phenotypes, termed isolated early and dual responders . Persistence of allergen-induced airway response and inflammation is a distinctive feature of dual responders. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the roles of IFN-gamma and IL-12 in resolving allergen-induced airway inflammation by comparing T lymphocytes (CD4 + and CD8 + cells) producing these cytokines in isolated early and dual responders. METHODS: Twenty-four subjects with asthma (12 isolated early and 12 dual responders) were challenged with inhaled allergen. Peripheral blood and induced sputum were taken before and 1 day, 3 days, and 7 days after challenge. Frequency of IFN-gamma, IL-12, IL-4, and IL-13 producing CD4 + and CD8 + cells was assessed by using flow cytometry. RESULTS: After allergen, both CD4 + and CD8 + IFN-gamma positive cells in peripheral blood significantly decreased in dual responders only, whereas CD4 + and CD8 + IFN-gamma positive cells in induced sputum significantly increased in isolated early responders only. By contrast, IL-12 positive cells in peripheral blood significantly increased after allergen challenge only in isolated early responders. The ratio of CD4 + and CD8 + IL-4/IFN-gamma positive cells in peripheral blood significantly decreased in isolated early responders by 3 days and had recovered by 7 days. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that contrasting profiles of IFN-gamma and IL-12 production may be responsible for different time courses of allergen-induced airway responses between isolated early and dual responders.
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