Improving the in vivo X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurement of renal mercury Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • In vivo polarised X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurements of renal mercury have previously been reported (Börjesson J, Barregård L, Sällsten G, Schütz A, Jonson R, Alpsten M, Mattsson S, 1995. In vivo XRF analysis of mercury: the relation between concentrations in the kidney and the urine. Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 413-426). However, with the detection limit reported therein, this system is limited to measurements in cases of significant mercury exposure. An improvement in detection limit is desirable to produce a tool capable of occupational monitoring in cases of mild to moderate exposure. Therefore, design changes have been investigated to improve system performance. Through Monte Carlo simulation and experiment, optimal parameters were determined with respect to polarisation and filtration, as well as the ideal X-ray tube voltage. The optimal configuration will be discussed. A preliminary comparison in terms of minimum detectable limit (MDL) will be made with the preceding polarised XRF renal mercury system.

publication date

  • November 2000