On the Thomas-Fermi ground state in a harmonic potential Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We study nonlinear ground states of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation in the space of one, two and three dimensions with a radially symmetric harmonic potential. The Thomas-Fermi approximation of ground states on various spatial scales was recently justified using variational methods. We justify here the Thomas-Fermi approximation on an uniform spatial scale using the Painlev\'{e}-II equation. In the space of one dimension, these results allow us to characterize the distribution of eigenvalues in the point spectrum of the Schr\"{o}dinger operator associated with the nonlinear ground state.

publication date

  • January 1, 2011