Global asymptotic coherence in discrete dynamical systems
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Spatial synchrony (coherence) in dynamical systems is of both theoretical and applied importance. We address this problem for a generalization of coupled map lattices (CMLs). In the systems we study, which we term "meta-CMLs," the map at each lattice point may be multidimensional (corresponding, for example, to multispecies ecological systems in which all species have the same dispersal pattern). Most previous work on coherence of CMLs has focused on local stability. Here, we prove a global theorem that provides a useful sufficient condition guaranteeing decay of incoherence in meta-CMLs regardless of initial conditions and regardless of the nature of the attractors of the system. This result facilitates useful analyses of a variety of applied problems, including conservation of endangered species and eradication of pests or infectious diseases.