Silicon photonic wire biosensor array for multiplexed real-time and label-free molecular detection
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We demonstrate a silicon photonic wire waveguide biosensor array chip for the simultaneous monitoring of different molecular binding reactions. The chip is compatible with automated commercial spotting tools and contains a monolithically integrated microfluidic channel for sample delivery. Each array sensor element is a 1.8-mm-long spiral waveguide folded within a 130 microm diameter spot and is incorporated in a balanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer with a near temperature independent response. The sensors are arranged in a 400 microm spacing grid pattern and are addressed through cascaded 1x2 optical power splitters using light from a single input fiber. We demonstrate the real-time monitoring of antibody-antigen reactions using complementary and mismatched immunoglobulin G receptor-analyte pairs and bovine serum albumin. The measured level of detection for each sensor element corresponds to a surface coverage of less than 0.3 pg/mm(2).
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