Novel hybrid plasmonic waveguide consisting of two identical dielectric nanowires symmetrically placed on each side of a thin metal film
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It is well-known that, a dielectric cylinder on a metal surface offers the advantage of not yielding singular field, which would effectively reduce the propagation loss as opposed to a rectangle-shaped waveguide on a metal surface. In this article, a novel hybrid plasmonic waveguide consisting of two identical dielectric nanowires symmetrically placed on each side of a thin metal film is presented. With the strong interaction between the dielectric cylindrical waveguide mode and long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LRSPP) mode of a thin metal film, deep-subwavelength mode confinement can be achieved. Compared with the hybrid plasmonic mode guided in only one dielectric nanowire above a metal film, a much larger propagation length as well as improved figure of merit (FoM) can be simultaneously realized. A typical propagation length is 434 μm, and optical field is confined into an ultra-small area of approximately 0.0096 μm at 1.55 μm. This structure could enable various applications such as nanophotonic waveguides, high-quality nanolasers, and optical trapping and transportation of nanoparticles and biomolecules.
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