Metasynthesis of the Hope Experience of Family Caregivers of Persons With Chronic Illness
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The purpose of this metasynthesis was to describe the hope experience of family caregivers of persons with chronic illness. Fourteen studies were included in the metasynthesis. All studies described the importance of hope to the family caregivers of relatives with chronic illness regardless of age, relationship, or setting. Several derived themes arose from the metasynthesis, including (a) transitional refocusing from a difficult present to a positive future, (b) dynamic possibilities within uncertainty, (c) pathways of hope, and (d) hope outcomes. Hope was defined as transitional dynamic possibilities within uncertainty. A new conceptual model of hope was developed that provides a foundation for future research and practice. The metasynthesis findings indicate factors influencing hope have a role in assessing hope and differing pathways of hope provide a foundation for future hope interventions.
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