Thermal instability of rat muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase function Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • To examine the thermal instability and the role of sulfhydryl (SH) oxidation on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase function, crude homogenates were prepared from the white portion of the gastrocnemius (WG) adult rat muscles (n = 9) and incubated in vitro for < or =60 min either at a normal resting body temperature (37 degrees C) or at a temperature indicative of exercise-induced hyperthermia (41 degrees C) with DTT and without DTT (CON). In general, treatment with DTT resulted in higher Ca(2+)-ATPase and Ca(2+) uptake values (nmol. mg protein(-1). min(-1), P < 0.05), an effect that was not specific to time of incubation. Incubations at 41 degrees C resulted in lower (P < 0.05) Ca(2+) uptake rates (156 +/- 18 and 35.9 +/- 3.3) compared with 37 degrees C (570 +/- 54 and 364 +/- 26) at 30 and 60 min, respectively. At 37 degrees C, ryanodine (300 microM), which was used to block Ca(2+) release from the calcium release channel, prevented the time-dependent decrease in Ca(2+) uptake. A general inactivation (P < 0.05) of maximal Ca(2+)-ATPase activity (V(max)) in CON was observed with incubation time (0 > 30 > 60 min), with the effect being more pronounced (P < 0.05) at 41 degrees C compared with 37 degrees C. The Hill slope, a measure of co-operativity, and the pCa(50), the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration required for half-maximal activation of Ca(2+)-ATPase activity, decreased (P < 0.05) at 41 degrees C only. Treatment with DTT attenuated the alterations in enzyme kinetics. The increase in V(max) with the Ca(2+) ionophore A-23187 was less pronounced at 41 degrees C compared with 37 degrees C. It is concluded that exposure of homogenates to a temperature typically experienced in exercise results in a reduction in the coupling ratio, which is mediated primarily by lower Ca(2+) uptake and occurs as a result of increases in membrane permeability to Ca(2+). Moreover, the decreases in Ca(2+)-ATPase kinetics in WG with sustained heat stress result from SH oxidation.

publication date

  • October 2002