Turner syndrome in adolescence.
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The management of a patient with Turner syndrome is complex and multi-faceted. It is best accomplished by an interdisciplinary approach. Initial diagnosis is generally prenatal or suggested by physical characteristics. Diagnosis should include karyotype analysis and potentially a probe for Y-chromosome centromeric material to assess the risk for the development of germ cell tumors. At the time of initial diagnosis, the patient should be thoroughly investigated for associated medical conditions. Ongoing surveillance for the development of complications is of paramount importance. The interdisciplinary team should include an endocrinologist; cardiologist; nephrologist; reproductive endocrinologist; audiological physician; ear, nose and throat surgeon; plastic surgeon; dentist; and psychologist . It is important to provide to girls and women with Turner syndrome, and their families, comprehensive information about the syndrome and to advise them about the availability of Turner syndrome societies that can provide information and support.
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