Mechanisms of molecular beam epitaxy growth in InAs/InP nanowire heterostructures
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InAs/InP axial nanowire heterostructures were grown by the Au-assisted vapour-liquid-solid method in a gas source molecular beam epitaxy system. The nanowire crystal structure and morphology were investigated by transmission electron microscopy for various growth conditions (temperature, growth rate, V/III flux ratio). Growth mechanisms were inferred from the InAs and InP segment lengths as a function of the nanowire diameter. Short InAs segment lengths were found to grow by depletion of In from the Au particle as well as by direct impingement, while longer segments of InAs and InP grew by diffusive transport of adatoms from the nanowire sidewalls. The present study offers a way to control the lengths of InAs quantum dots embedded in InP barriers.
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