To describe the radiologic and corresponding histopathologic features of calcifying pseudoneoplasms of the neural axis.
Two cases of calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the neural axis were retrospectively reviewed. The first case was documented in a 64-year-old woman, who presented with lower back pain with radiation to her left leg. The second case was documented in a 70-year-old man, who presented with headaches. Medical records, radiologic and histologic findings, and related literature were reviewed.
In the first case, imaging of the lumbar spine revealed a 3.8 × 2.2-cm calcified lesion at the level of vertebrae L5 and S1. A subsequent excision exposed an extradural lesion at L5. Histopathologic examination showed amorphous and granular calcifying material with occasional fibrohistiocytic and giant cell reaction, consistent with calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the neural axis. In the second case, imaging of the head revealed a 2.4 × 2.6-cm well-circumscribed, lobulated, calcified lesion within the basal frontal lobe. Subsequent resection exposed an intradural mass with a nodular arrangement of amorphous and granular calcifying material associated with fibrohistiocytic and giant cell reaction. Both patients had a favorable postoperative course and failed to show any clinical or radiologic sign of recurrence.
Calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the neural axis is an uncommon condition with an excellent prognosis but is often misdiagnosed due to its nonspecific clinical presentation and varied findings on radiology.