Treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine without routine granulocyte-colony stimulating factor support does not increase the risk of febrile neutropenia: a prospective cohort study
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Although patients with Hodgkin lymphoma treated with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy frequently develop neutropenia, febrile neutropenia is uncommon. Three retrospective trials reported that ABVD could be safely administered without dose delays or granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) support. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 89 patients treated with ABVD and found that the incidence of febrile neutropenia was 0.5% (five of 927 treatments). This prompted a change to our institutional policy so that patients receiving ABVD no longer receive routine G-CSF for uncomplicated neutropenia. We then prospectively assessed the safety of this policy change. Thirty-three patients received a total of 327 ABVD treatments, 185 (57%) of which were administered with a neutrophil count <1.5 × 10(9)/L. Febrile neutropenia occurred in 2/33 patients (6%), complicating 0.6% of chemotherapy treatments (2/327). Eliminating routine G-CSF saved $10 241 per patient. Omission of G-CSF for uncomplicated neutropenic patients receiving ABVD for Hodgkin lymphoma is cost-saving and safe.
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