[Transdermal nitroglycerin in stable effort angina. I. Therapeutic effect and duration of the action of a single dose. Comparison with placebo and isosorbide dinitrate].
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To assess the efficacy of 2 doses of a transdermal system for nitroglycerin, 10 and 20 mg (NTTS 10 and NTTS 20) and isosorbide dinitrate 40 mg (ISD 40) on exercise tolerance test, a double-blind within patients placebo (PL) controlled study was performed: 12 male patients, aged 47-71 years, with stable effort angina, with fixed ischemic threshold, received, according to a 4 x 4 latin square design, NTTS 10, NTTS 20, ISD 40 and PL, at 7.00 am on 4 consecutive days. Bicycle exercise tests were performed 4 and 12 hours post-dosing, after which the systems were removed. NTTS 10 and 20 and ISD 40 increased significantly ischemic threshold, anginal threshold and decreased maximal ST depression at the fourth hour. Only NTTS 10 and NTTS 20 showed antiischemic activity after 12 hours. During exercise, at the fourth and twelfth hour, there was no significant difference in rate-pressure product between placebo and NTTS 10 and 20 and ISD 40. Therefore the antiischemic activity of these drugs was not related to a decrease of myocardial oxygen consumption. In conclusion, in comparison with PL, NTTS 10, 20 and ISD 40 had antiischemic and antianginal activity at the fourth hour, while at the twelfth hour this activity was observed only after NTTS 10 and 20, without differences between the 2 doses.
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