Incorporating Noise Quantitatively in the Phase Field Crystal Model via Capillary Fluctuation Theory
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A tacit assumption underlying most phase field models of nonequilibrium phase transformations is that of scale separation. Stochastic order parameter field theories utilize noise to separate atomic-scale fluctuations from the slowly varying fields that describe microstructure patterns. The mesoscale distribution of such stochastic variables is generally assumed to follow Gaussian statistics, with their magnitude following fluctuation-dissipation relations. However, there is still much debate about how atomic-scale fluctuations map onto the mesoscale upon coarse graining of microscopic theories. This Letter studies interface fluctuations in the phase field crystal (PFC) model and proposes a self-consistent method for relating how the effective noise strength and spectral filtering of the noise in the PFC model, and similar types of microscopic models, should be defined so as to attain the spectrum of mesoscale capillary fluctuations quantitatively.
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