Effect of angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibition on functional class in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction—a meta‐analysis Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractBackground:The effect of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on symptoms in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is controversial.Aims:To perform a meta‐analysis of studies evaluating effect of ACE inhibitors on New York Heart Association (NYHA) class in patients with LVSD.Methods:Individual data from 10389 patients in NYHA classes I–IV from four large long‐term studies (2–4‐year follow‐up) and summary data from 2302 patients in NYHA classes II–IV from 16 short‐term studies (3 months follow‐up) were meta‐analysed to assess changes in NYHA class.Results:The large long‐term studies showed a significant improvement in the worst NYHA classes (classes II–IV compared to class I) in the ACE inhibitor arm versus placebo, odds ratio (OR)=0.875 (0.811–0.943) p=0.0005. This effect was only present in studies which included patients with chronic heart failure and was particularly pronounced on deterioration to the worst NYHA class IV, OR=0.66 (0.52–0.84) p=0.001. There was no effect in the studies which included patients after myocardial infarction. The short‐term chronic heart failure studies showed a significant improvement in NYHA class; OR for improvement of at least one NYHA class was 2.11 (1.48–2.98, 95% CI) p<0.0001.Conclusion:ACE inhibition significantly improves symptomatic status measured as NYHA classification in patients with chronic heart failure.


  • Abdulla, Jawdat
  • Pogue, Janice
  • Abildstrøm, Steen Z
  • Køber, Lars
  • Christensen, Erik
  • Pfeffer, Marc A
  • Yusuf, Salim
  • Torp‐Pedersen, Christian

publication date

  • January 2006