Reciprocal electrocardiographic changes in acute myocardial infarction Academic Article uri icon

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  • If reciprocal electrocardiographic changes during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are a result of ischemia of the wall opposite the AMI, a stress test is expected to induce similar changes in the corresponding electrocardiographic leads. Right atrial pacing was used as a myocardial stress method in 137 consecutive patients recovering from a transmural AMI, and the appearance of pacing-provoked ischemia before hospital discharge was correlated to the presence of absence of ST depression in the opposite wall during the initial 48 hours. Of the 137 patients, 83 (61%) had reciprocal changes; they were more common in inferior (87%) than in anterior (37%) AMI (p less than 0.01). Of 54 patients without reciprocal changes, only 5 (9%) had ST depression during predischarge pacing; however, of the 83 patients with reciprocal changes, 41 had pacing-induced ischemia (p less than 0.01) and 42 did not, indicating that in half of this group the reciprocal changes represent ischemia of the opposite wall. In the other half of the group, without ST depression during pacing, these changes may be a "mirror image" phenomenon. Follow-up showed that angina pectoris, positive treadmill test response 6 months later, or recurrent AMI all consequences of impaired myocardial blood supply, were significantly more frequent in patients with reciprocal changes. This group could be further separated according to the results of right atrial pacing, because angina pectoris or recurrent AMI were infrequent among those with reciprocal changes and negative pacing responses, but was frequent among those with reciprocal changes and positive pacing responses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


  • Tzivoni, Dan
  • Chenzbraun, Adrian
  • Keren, Andre
  • Benhorin, Jesaia
  • Gottlieb, Shmuel
  • Lonn, Eva
  • Stern, Shlomo

publication date

  • July 1985