Relationship between location and size of myocardial infarction and their reciprocal influences on post-infarction left ventricular remodelling
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AIMS: To assess the intricate relationship between myocardial infarction (MI) location and size and their reciprocal influences on post-infarction left ventricular (LV) remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort of 260 reperfused ST-segment elevation MI patients was prospectively studied with cardiovascular magnetic resonance at 1 week (baseline) and 4 months (follow-up). Area at risk (AAR) and MI size were quantified by T2-weighted and late-gadolinium enhancement imaging, respectively. Adverse LV remodelling was defined as an increase in LV end-systolic volume ≥15% at follow-up. One hundred and twenty-seven (49%) patients had anterior MI and 133 (51%) patients had non-anterior MI. Although the degree of myocardial salvage was similar between groups (P = 0.74), anterior MI patients had larger AAR and MI size than non-anterior MI patients yielding worse regional and global LV function at baseline and follow-up. At univariable analysis, anterior MI was associated with increased risk of adverse LV remodelling (P = 0.017) and lower LV ejection fraction (EF) at follow-up (P = 0.001), but not when accounted for baseline MI size. Accordingly, at multivariable analysis, baseline MI size but not its location was an independent predictor of adverse LV remodelling (odds ratio = 1.061, P < 0.001) and EF at follow-up (β-coefficient = -0.255, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Anterior MI patients experience more pronounced post-infarction LV remodelling and dysfunction than non-anterior MI patients due to a greater magnitude of irreversible ischaemic LV damage without any independent contribution of MI location.
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