Community Engagement in Health Status Instrument Development: Experience With the HIV Disability Questionnaire
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BACKGROUND: People with HIV face a variety of health-related challenges from HIV, concurrent health conditions, and side effects of treatment. These health-related challenges may be termed disability. Community involvement in conceptualizing and understanding disability is essential to developing appropriate measurement tools. OBJECTIVE: To describe a community-academic partnership in the development of a new self-administered health status instrument, the HIV Disability Questionnaire (HDQ), using a community-engaged approach. METHODS: With a Community Advisory Committee, we used categories from the Episodic Disability Framework, a conceptual framework developed in an earlier stage of research, as a foundation for item generation. RESULTS: The purpose of the 70-item HDQ is to characterize the presence, severity, and episodic nature of disability experienced by adults with HIV. The Community Advisory Committee suggested items beyond those in the Episodic Disability Framework, refined item phrasing, order, response options, and questionnaire instructions to enhance feasibility and relevance of the HDQ to adults with HIV, advised on how to structure the questionnaire to capture the episodic nature of disability, and suggested next steps for testing and implementation. CONCLUSIONS: The HDQ is the first HIV-specific questionnaire to describe disability experienced by adults with HIV. Engaging community research partners in the development of the HDQ enhanced the questionnaire's relevance, feasibility, and face and content validities. This approach may be considered by others interested in health status instrument development.
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