Acoustic streaming cannot discriminate reliably between endometriomas and other types of adnexal lesion: a multicenter study of 633 adnexal masses Academic Article uri icon

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  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of acoustic streaming to discriminate between endometriomas and other adnexal masses. METHODS: We used data from 1938 patients with an adnexal mass included in Phase 2 of the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) study. All patients had been examined by transvaginal gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound following a standardized research protocol. Assessment of acoustic streaming was voluntary and was carried out only in lesions containing echogenic cyst fluid. Acoustic streaming was defined as movement of particles inside the cyst fluid during gray-scale and/or color Doppler examination provided that the probe had been held still for two seconds to ensure that the movement of the particles was not caused by movement of the probe or the patient. Only centers where acoustic streaming had been evaluated in > 90% of cases were included. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+, LR-), and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) of acoustic streaming with regard to endometrioma were calculated. RESULTS: 460 (24%) masses were excluded because they were examined in centers where


  • Van Holsbeke, C
  • Zhang, Jingh
  • Van Belle, V
  • Paladini, D
  • Guerriero, S
  • Czekierdowski, A
  • Muggah, Henry
  • Ombelet, W
  • Jurkovic, D
  • Testa, AC
  • Valentin, L
  • Van Huffel, S
  • Bourne, T
  • Timmerman, D

publication date

  • March 2010