The regional distribution of somatostatin and neuropeptide Y in control and Alzheimer's disease striatum
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Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) and neuropeptide Y-like immunoreactivity (NPYLI) were measured in subdissections of both normal and Alzheimer's disease (AD) striatum at 5 coronal levels. Concentrations of both neuropeptides were relatively homogeneously distributed in the coronal and anterior-posterior planes except for a trend towards increased concentrations in the tail of the caudate and the posterior putamen. The nucleus accumbens showed 2-3-fold higher concentrations of both SLI and NPYLI than the rest of the striatum. There were no significant differences between control and AD brains. The high concentrations of SLI and NPYLI in the nucleus accumbens suggest that this region may receive somatostatin-neuropeptide Y afferents and that somatostatin and neuropeptide Y may play a role in the modulation of motor activity.
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