Utility values for pre-menopausal women suffering from symptomatic uterine fibroids
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BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids (UF) represent the most common benign uterine tumor in women of reproductive age. Symptoms including heavy, prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain/pressure, and/or urinary frequency have a substantial impact on women's quality of life and utility values for UF have not been published. METHODS: Health state descriptions associated with UF symptoms and treatment side effects were developed based on patient focus groups; validated using expert clinical input; and pilot tested for understandability. Using a web-based questionnaire, 909 community-dwelling, Canadian women were surveyed to assess their perceived value associated with these states. RESULTS: Utility for uncontrolled bleeding was 0.55 (95% CI: 0.54, 0.57) and the decrement associated with hot flashes was 0.06 (95% CI: -0.07, -0.04). Utility improvement associated with bleeding control was 0.18 (95% CI: 0.17, 0.19) and with smaller fibroid size was 0.03 (95% CI: 0.02, 0.04). CONCLUSION: These values illustrate the high utility associated with control of excessive menstrual bleeding.
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