Are endogenous LH levels during ovarian stimulation for IVF using GnRH analogues associated with the probability of ongoing pregnancy? A systematic review
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The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate, among women with normal ovulation or World Health Organization (WHO) II oligoanovulation who undergo ovarian stimulation for IVF using GnRH analogues, whether endogenous LH levels predict the likelihood of ongoing pregnancy beyond 12 weeks. A literature search identified six studies that answered the research question, among which two were prospective studies (one in GnRH agonist and one in GnRH antagonist cycles). None of the retrospective studies suggest that low endogenous LH levels are associated with a significantly decreased probability of ongoing pregnancy beyond 12 weeks in such patients. In the two prospective studies high endogenous LH levels during down-regulation were associated with a decreased probability of ongoing pregnancy beyond 12 weeks. Until further prospective studies modify the existing evidence summarized here, an adverse effect of low endogenous LH levels on the probability of ongoing pregnancy beyond 12 weeks is not a sensible rationale for LH supplementation during ovarian stimulation for IVF using GnRH analogues.
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