Performance and Validation of a Novel Biomarker-Based Stroke Risk Score for Atrial Fibrillation Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Background: Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased but variable risk of stroke. Our aim was to validate the recently developed biomarker-based ABC (age, biomarkers [high-sensitivity troponin and N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide], and clinical history of prior stroke/transient ischemic attack)-stroke risk score and compare its performance with the CHA 2 DS 2 VASc and ATRIA (Anticoagulation and Risk Factors in Atrial Fibrillation) risk scores. Methods: The ABC-stroke score includes age, biomarkers (N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin), and clinical history (prior stroke). This validation was based on 8356 patients, 16 137 person-years of follow-up, and 219 adjudicated stroke or systemic embolic events in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation in the RE-LY study (Randomized Evaluation of Long-Term Anticoagulation Therapy). Levels of N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) were determined in plasma samples obtained at study entry. Results: The ABC-stroke score was well calibrated with 0.76 stroke/systemic embolic events per 100 person-years in the predefined low (<1%/y) risk group, 1.48 in the medium (1%–2%/y) risk group, and 2.60 in the high (>2%/y) risk group for the ABC-stroke score with hs-cTnT. Hazard ratios for stroke/systemic embolic events were 1.95 for medium- versus low-risk groups, and 3.44 for high- versus low-risk groups. ABC-stroke score achieved C indices of 0.65 with both hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI, in comparison with 0.60 for CHA 2 DS 2 VASc ( P =0.004 for hs-cTnT and P =0.022 hs-cTnI) and 0.61 for ATRIA scores ( P =0.005 hs-cTnT and P =0.034 for hs-cTnI). Conclusions: The biomarker-based ABC-stroke score was well calibrated and consistently performed better than both the CHA 2 DS 2 VASc and ATRIA stroke scores. The ABC score should be considered an improved decision support tool in the care of patients with atrial fibrillation. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifiers: ARISTOTLE, NCT00412984; RE-LY, NCT00262600.

authors

  • Oldgren, Jonas
  • Hijazi, Ziad
  • Lindbäck, Johan
  • Alexander, John H
  • Connolly, Stuart
  • Eikelboom, John
  • Ezekowitz, Michael D
  • Granger, Christopher B
  • Hylek, Elaine M
  • Lopes, Renato D
  • Siegbahn, Agneta
  • Yusuf, Salim
  • Wallentin, Lars

publication date

  • November 29, 2016

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