The use of the Lanthony New Color Test in determining the effects of aging on color vision
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The primary purpose of this study was to collect data on the loss of color vision as a function of age. The Lanthony New Color Test (NCT), which measures acquired losses of color vision in the dimensions of hue, saturation, and brightness, was used to compile data on 68 subjects. The minimum number of subjects were 10 per decade from age 30 to 90 years. An age gradient of selective loss of discrimination of saturation beginning at age 50 was demonstrated, with rapid change noted after age 60. Similar findings were seen for hue but were not evident for brightness. By age 70, a neutral zone emerged at blue/purple, Munsell chroma level 2. The instrument was shown to be reliable and valid in comparison to the Farnsworth Dichotomous Panel D.15. It is seen that this information will provide a basis for planning safer, more functional environments for elderly people.
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