A survivorship care plan for breast cancer survivors: extended results of a randomized clinical trial Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • PURPOSE: Prevailing wisdom suggests that implementation of a survivorship care plan (SCP) will address deficits in survivorship care planning and delivery for cancer patients. Here, we present 24-month results of a randomized clinical trial on health service and patient-reported outcomes among breast cancer patients transferred to their primary care physician for follow-up care. The 24-month assessments represent the long-term benefit and sustainability of the implantation of a SCP. METHODS: In all, 408 patients with early-stage breast cancer were randomized to the SCP or control group. Patient self-completed questionnaires, supplemented with telephone interviews, during the 24-month study period assessed health service and patient-reported outcomes. The primary outcome was cancer-specific distress. Secondary outcomes included health-related quality of life, patient satisfaction, continuity and coordination of care, and health service outcomes such as adherence to guidelines. RESULTS: Over the course of 24 months, there were no differences between both groups in health service and patient-reported outcomes. Women from Quebec compared to those from Western Canada (p < 0.001), women within 2 years of completion of primary treatment compared to a longer period (p = 0.013), and those with a higher SF-36 mental component score compared to a lower score (p = 0.044) were positively associated with adherence to guidelines. CONCLUSION: The implementation of a SCP in the transition of survivorship care from cancer center to primary care did not contribute to improved health service or patient-reported outcomes in this study population. Therefore, additional research is needed before widespread implementation of a SCP in clinical practice. IMPLICATIONS OF CANCER SURVIVORS: The transition of survivorship care from cancer center to the primary care setting showed no negative effect on health service and patient-reported outcomes.

publication date

  • December 2015