Clinical evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a commercially available enzyme immunoassay for detection of rubella virus-specific immunoglobulin M.
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A solid-phase capture antigen enzyme immunoassay (Rubazyme-M) was evaluated for sensitivity and specificity on sera from 1,200 blood donors, 51 patients with rubella, 2 infants with congenital rubella, 104 patients with other infections, and 126 patients with immunological abnormalities. The sensitivity was 100% for sera tested between days 3 and 40 after the onset of symptoms of rubella virus infection. Rubella virus-specific immunoglobulin M was detected at birth in sera from congenitally infected infants and persisted for several months. Positive Rubazyme-M responses were observed in some patients in the absence of rubella diagnosis (one blood donor, three other infections, and two immunological abnormalities), providing a test specificity of 99.6%. None of 67 patients with rubella virus-specific immunoglobulin G antibody and high levels of rheumatoid factor were positive in the test.
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