RESISTANCE TO PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY IN RADIATION INDUCED FIBROSARCOMA-1 and CHINESE HAMSTER OVARY-MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT CELLS in vitro
- Additional Document Info
- View All
A degree of resistance to photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been induced in radiation-induced fibrosarcoma-1 (RIF-1) tumor cells by repeated photodynamic treatment with Photofrin (4 or 18 h incubation) in vitro to the 0.1-1% survival level, followed by regrowth from single surviving colonies. The resistance is shown as increased cell survival in the strain designated RIF-8A, compared to the wild-type RIF-1 cells, when exposed to increasing Photofrin concentration for 18 h incubation and fixed light exposure. No difference was found between RIF-1 and RIF-8A in the uptake of Photofrin per unit cell volume at 18 h incubation. Resistance to PDT was also observed in Chinese hamster ovary-multi-drug resistant (CHO-MDR) cells compared to the wild-type CHO cells, possibly associated with decreased cellular concentration of Photofrin in the former. By contrast, the PDT-resistant RIF-8A cells did not show any cross-resistance to Adriamycin, nor was there any significant drug concentration difference between RIF-1 and RIF-8A. These findings suggest that different mechanisms are responsible for PDT-induced resistance and multi-drug resistance.
has subject area