Target size of Ca-pumps in pig coronary artery smooth muscle Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The target sizes of the oxalate-independent Ca uptake by the plasma membrane enriched fraction F2, and the oxalate-stimulated Ca uptake by a fraction F3 slightly enriched in the endoplasmic reticulum were determined by radiation inactivation. The oxalate-independent Ca uptake was inactivated with a D37 value of 1.96 +/- 0.30 Mrad but the oxalate-stimulated Ca uptake had a D37 value of 0.45 +/- 0.07 Mrad. Thus, in the smooth muscle the oxalate-stimulated Ca uptake appeared to be due to a structure 3 to 6 times larger than was the oxalate-independent Ca uptake. The subcellular site of the ATP-dependent azide insensitive Ca uptake in the smooth muscle has been disputed in the past. It has been suggested to be plasma membrane (PM) by several workers, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by others. Recently, however, there has been substantial evidence to support the hypothesis that one Ca uptake system, unaffected by oxalate, resides in the PM and another, stimulated by oxalate, is located in the ER of the smooth muscle. The evidence has been reviewed recently. Here, we show that the two modes of Ca uptake differ in their target sizes as well. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the use of radiation inactivation to distinguish between the two modes of Ca uptake in any tissue.

publication date

  • December 1985