Pineal N-acetyltransferase, pineal and serum melatonin response to isoproterenol stimulation in underfed male rats
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Adult male rats were subjected to 4 weeks of 50% food restriction under lighting regimen of 14 h light and 10 h dark. The pineal response to isoproterenol (ISO) was determined. In the time-course study, animals were injected with 0.5 mg/Kg ISO subcutaneously (SC) and killed at different times up to 180 min post injection. In the dose-response study, various doses of ISO (0.2 mg/Kg to 5.0 mg/Kg) were injected intraperitoneally (IP) and animals were killed 120 min post injection. Body weight, pineal N-acetyltransferase (NATase), pineal and serum melatonin (MT) were determined. After 4 weeks of restricted feeding, body weight was reduced by 40%. In the time-course study, peak pineal NATase occurred 120 min post injection in the ad libitum fed animals. By contrast, the food restricted animals showed a gradual increase of pineal NATase up to 180 min post injection. In the dose-response study, the ad libitum fed animals demonstrated a dose dependent increase of pineal NATase up to 5 mg/kg dose. The food restricted animals, however, achieved their maximal pineal NATase at 1 mg/Kg dose with no further increment at 5 mg/Kg dose. These differences in responsiveness were also reflected in pineal and serum MT levels. These results indicate that underfed animals have abnormal pineal NATase, pineal and serum MT responses to ISO stimulation.